Fish oil fatty acids: EPA & DHA.
I’ve read that EPA tends to show slightly better results in outcomes related to mood, whereas DHA tends to be slightly better for cognition. Not mutually exclusive; probably a lot of overlap. This meta-analysis by Martins showed EPA fared better than DHA for depressive symptoms (2009); another one here, stressing the high %EPA relative to %DHA necessary for improvements (Sublette et al., 2011). Whereas the reverse is true for certain cognitive outcomes in this study by Sinn and colleagues (2012). Very few studies test EPA vs. DHA directly, and their effects on metabolism are relatively similar. They’re the ball bearings of fatty acids.
Posted in Advanced nutrition, chocolate, coconut, Dietary fat, Fish, liver, wine
Tagged alcohol, chocolate, ethanol, fat, liver, nutrition
The French Paradox is neither a paradox nor French, really. Red wine isn’t saving the French from a saturated-fat induced heart attack epidemic…. Not to take anything away from red wine, however, as the metabolic effects of red wine (and alcohol in general) are rather interesting.
Background info: alcohol (ethanol) metabolism produces NADH (stick with me here, this article doesn’t get all technical on you I promise).
NADH inhibits gluconeogenesis (Krebs et al., 1969); as such, alcohol lowers blood glucose, regardless of whether if it’s pinot, cabernet, or straight moonshine (Harold R. Murdock, 1971).
Posted in Advanced nutrition, diet, fiber, microbiota, resveratrol
Tagged bifidobacteria, carbs, ethanol, fiber, GOS, inulin, microbiota, mortality, prebiotics, wine