Intranasal insulin. Interesting.

This has appeared off & on in the literature for some time now.

[Patron link]

Brain insulin signaling is a real thing. There appears to be two components: insulin produced in situ (within the brain) and acting on brain/neuronal insulin receptors; and insulin signaling in the brain induced by peripheral/pancreatic insulin.

It isn’t known if pancreatic insulin physically crosses into the brain, although it appears as though insulin increases in CSF after a meal.

For the rest of this article and more, head over to Patreon! Five bucks a month for access to this and all previous articles. 16% off for annual subscriptions! It’s ad-free and you can cancel if it sucks 🙂

For personalized health consulting services:

Affiliate linksOMAHA. STEAKS. Check here for daily discounts and the best steaks of your life.

Still looking for a pair of hot blue blockers? TrueDark is offering 10% off HERE and Spectra479 is offering 15% off HERE. Use discount code LAGAKOS for a deal on CarbonShades. If you have no idea what I’m talking about, read this then this.

Naked Nutrition makes some great products, including Naked Grass Fed Protein. Also, free shipping 

20% off some delish stocks and broths from Kettle and Fire HERE

Real Mushrooms makes great extracts. 10% off with coupon code LAGAKOS. I recommend Lion’s Mane for the brain and Reishi for everything else

calories proper